Embryo Acceptance or Donor Embryo Transfer
Sometimes couples have a severe sperm and egg factor. If they have been unsuccessful with self-gametes or wishing to go for a donor sperm or egg due to medical reasons, it can be done with embryo donation, or embryo adoption (also termed as a misnomer). It is a procedure where a healthy anonymous donor’s eggs get fertilized with anonymous donor sperm via a sperm bank. One or two of resultant embryo get placed in the woman’s womb at an opportune time that leads to a high pregnancy rate. The couple must need to understand about the procedure that the resultant offspring will not be a genetic child but a biological child. It is a pre-requisite that the couples go through counselling are mentally ready to perform such types of treatment.
Another option is egg donation that is a process where the egg of a healthy young woman (the egg donor) gets fertilized with the sperms from the patient’s husband and the resulting embryos get transferred into the patient’s uterus. This provides the couple the gift of parenthood and an opportunity for the woman to experience the joy of being pregnant.
The procedure of egg donation begins with the selection of a donor. The applicant will be an anonymous donor who has been permitted after a series of genetic and medical screenings. The ovaries of the donor are stimulated with the help of a stimulation regimen to develop multiple eggs. After that, the eggs get fertilized, retrieved and the embryos cultured. The embryos with uppermost quality get transferred into the uterus of a recipient.
It is helpful for an older woman who has reduced the quantity and quality of eggs or with those who have reproductive problems like an ovarian failure. It is also beneficial when there is a poor response to previous IVF treatments.
Sperm donation is one of the ways to couples when there is no possibility of retrieving sperms naturally or by a surgical procedure for the male candidate. The donor sperm is applied to inseminate the woman or to fertilize her eggs in the process of IVF. Before proceeding towards any step, the couple is counselled about the process as well as implications involved in the treatment.
All the samples of sperm are to be gained from a registered and established sperm banks. Such samples of sperm are from fertile donors that have been screened for viral infections and ordinary genetic disorders. No identifiable or fresh donors should ever be implemented. The samples are spotted by a number code provided by the sperm bank.