Top 10 Tests for Evaluating Male Fertility and Diagnose Male Infertility Issues

Top 10 Tests for Evaluating Male Fertility and Diagnose Male Infertility Issues


Infertility is a problem faced by around 15% after one year of unprotected sex or intercourse. The reason for infertility can be both male and female, so we can not decide who is responsible for infertility without examining it. Under this, 30-40% of males contribute as a factor of infertility in such cases. 

If you are unable to conceive and do not know the cause, seeking professional help becomes crucial for diagnosing the condition. Fertility specialists and urologists are trained to accurately perform the necessary tests and assessments. Delaying testing or self-diagnosing can lead to missed opportunities for timely intervention. Seeking professional help provides the couple with relevant treatment options and supports them throughout their journey. 

In this article, we will explore the top 10 tests for evaluating male fertility and treatment options for diagnosis of male infertility issues- 

Types of Tests

Semen Analysis—This is a primary infertility test for men that assesses the quality of semen. This test evaluates critical parameters: sperm count, motility (movement), morphology (shape), volume, pH levels, and white blood cells or other substances in semen, along with any infection if present.

Hormone testing—Blood tests are used to check hormone levels such as testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and prolactin to assess fertility, as hormone disbalance can affect male fertility.

Genetic testing—Genetic factors contribute to male infertility by disrupting sperm functioning and development. Such issues can be formed spontaneously or inherited from parents. Thus, genetic tests help identify genetic abnormalities such as Y-chromosome deletions or mutations in genes related to sperm production. 

Testicular Ultrasound- abnormalities such as blockages or varicoceles are identified with the help of ultrasound imaging. It provides you with clear and detailed pictures of testicles and their surrounding structures. 

Sperm function tests—the functioning of sperm needs to be assessed beyond its parameters for measuring semen. Examples include sperm penetration assays (SPA) to assess sperm’s ability to penetrate an egg and sperm DNA fragmentation tests to evaluate DNA damage. These tests will showcase aspects such as infection in semen, volume of semen, sperm concentration, motility, vitality, morphology, etc. 

Post-Ejaculation Urinalysis: This test is majorly done when the volume of sperm is low because of retrograde ejaculation. It assures the presence of sperms 

This test checks for the presence of sperm in urine after ejaculation, which can indicate retrograde ejaculation (sperm entering the bladder instead of being ejaculated out).

Antisperm Antibody Testing: The functioning of the sperm is interfered with or introspected by the antibodies formed in semen. These antibodies impact the motility and ability of sperm to interact with the egg for fertilization. This test is undertaken to assess the antibodies present in the sperms. 

Fructose Test: The presence of a sugar called fructose is important for effective fertilization in semen. A low level indicates that a problem persists with seminal vesicles that help produce semen.  

Hypoosmotic Swelling Test: This test assesses the vitality of the spermatozoa in a semen sample. Sperm membrane integrity is required to determine sperm’s ability to fertilize an egg. The reaction of sperm tails is measured and examined when exposed to the solution of Hypoomotic. 

VASA (Vas Deferens, Epididymis, Seminal Vesicle) Biopsy: 

In cases of obstructive azoospermia (absence of sperm in semen due to a blockage), a biopsy of these structures may be performed to retrieve sperm for assisted reproductive techniques.

End Note:

Infertility in men is not new, and you should not be worried about it. Every problem has its solution, so that solution to infertility is Aveya IVF Centre. We are here to provide adequate results associated with infertility while conduction multiple tests. We ensure that our services and transparency will keep you satisfied. We make our best effort to assist with our best solution and live up to your expectation. 

If you are worried about infertility or the cause of infertility, you can have free consultation with our experts.

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